GC011A: Clash of Civilizations, Post-Obama, Germany, Hormuz

Summary: Strategic Question of the Week: Is  there a clash of civilizations?, Tweet 1: World Crises 2017  Tweet 2: Germany and EU and Special Report: Geopolitics of the Strait of Hormuz. Avoid unnecessary international risk – get your geopolitical brief today!

#3 Maritime Chokepoint – Strait of Hormuz

#3 Maritime Chokepoint – Strait of Hormuz

Introduction

The Strait of Hormuz, a waterway connecting the Gulf of Oman and the Persian (Arabian) Gulf, and the Strait of Malacca (see next chapter) are the world’s most important strategic chokepoints by volume of oil transit [1].

Located between Oman and Iran, the Strait of Hormuz is a vital maritime passageway linking the Persian Gulf outward to the Gulf of Oman and then the Arabian Sea.

Iran is on the north coast, and the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman, are on the south coast.

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strait-of-hormuz

credit: map of Strait of Hormuz

More than 85 percent of the crude oil that moves through it is sent to Asia — mainly Japan, India, South Korea and China [2].

The Strait of Hormuz is 21 miles wide at its narrowest point, but the width of the shipping lane in either direction is only two miles wide, separated by a two-mile buffer zone [3].

Measured along the median line, the Strait is about one hundred and four miles long but narrows to only twenty nautical miles at the northeastern end between Larak Island on the Iranian side, and the Quioins on the Omani side [4].

The Strait is deep and wide enough to handle the world’s largest crude oil tankers, with about two-thirds of oil shipments carried by tankers in excess of 150,000 deadweight tons [5].

Geostrategic Importance

The Strait of Hormuz is of great geostrategic importance because it is the only sea route where oil from Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, as well as most of the United Arab Emirates can be shipped from.
Twenty percent of oil traded worldwide moves by tanker through the Strait, the world’s most important petroleum transit chokepoint [6].

Most of the crude exported from Saudi Arabia, Iran, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Kuwait and Iraq — together with nearly all the liquefied…

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GC011: Clash of Civilizations, Post-Obama, Germany, Hormuz

Summary: Strategic Question of the Week: Is  there a clash of civilizations?, Tweet 1: World’s Vortex of Crises  Tweet 2: Germany’s unpopularity, and Special Report: Geopolitics of the Strait of Hormuz. Avoid unnecessary international risk – get your geopolitical brief today!

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Geostrategic Current 011 – your security briefing!

Strategic Question of the Week: Is there still a clash of civilizations?

The late Samuel Huntington, a political scientist at Harvard, stirred intellectual debate in 1996 about cultural, not ideological conflict.

Listen for a review of the clash of civilizations in the contemporary context.

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Tweet One: Why the world’s vortex of crises will keep swirling in 2017 (CBC)

Tweet Two: Germany’s Gabriel says EU break-up no longer unthinkable (Reuters)

Special Review: The #3 Maritime Chokepoint – Bab al-Mandeb Strait (Global Security Monitor Blog)

 

 

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Geopolitical Insider: Post-Obama, ALBA, Mosul, Raqqa

Geopolitical Insider: Post-Obama, ALBA, Mosul, Raqqa

Introduction

Geopolitical-Insider-Post-Obama

Read all 3 reports below.

Three issues headline your first Geopolitical Insider report of 2017.

The first topic is the post-Obama world as US President-elect Donald J. Trump prepares to take control in Washington.

The second issue covers the state of the ALBA countries in Latin America.

Finally, the third topic provides an update on the battles for Mosul and Raqqa.

Remember, every week, the Geopolitical Insider is your own global security briefing!

Post-Obama World

The legacy of the US Obama Administration will be the increase in geopolitical risk and tensions from Beijing to Britain.

War is more likely during the incoming Trump Administration because of the inaction, inertia, or insouciance of the Obama foreign policy.

Unfortunately for freedom-lovers, Trump’s policies do not appear fully considered.

The main feature of the post-Obama world is the continuing fallout from the JCPOA (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action) – the “Iran Deal.”

In his 2008 campaign, then Senator Obama had to take a tough stand against Iran to convince skeptics of his mettle as Commander-in-Chief:

“We cannot tolerate nuclear weapons in the hands of nations that support terror. Preventing Iran from developing nuclear weapons is a vital national security interest of the United States [1].”

The skeptics have been proven correct.

The JCPOA does not prevent Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons  – it legitimizes Tehran’s overt and covert (military) projects to achieve nuclear status and with its advanced missile program [2] to threaten Israel, Europe, and the United States.

Enemies threaten.

Iran is an enemy of the United States no matter the wishful thinking of the US Obama Administration.

Pretending otherwise is harmful to global security and immature.

Over and over during the last eight years, Washington failed to heed the lesson of history – diplomacy not backed by the credible threat of force is futile.

It is easy to fancy oneself a master negotiator when compromise, concession, and even more concessions are your guide and nothing is extracted from the other side.

Outgoing President Obama’s boast of “shut[ting] down Iran’s nuclear weapons program without firing a shot” in his farewell address is the audacity of hope, to be charitable.

The JCPOA is a house of cards and Iran will likely abandon the unsigned non-binding slim promise within the year after pocketing all its monetary benefits.

The JCPOA is a house of cards and Iran will likely abandon the unsigned non-binding slim promise within the year

Indeed, Iran has already inked a raft of business deals with European Union members to revitalize its energy sector [3], jetliner purchases from Boeing and Airbus [4] to ferry its troops and armaments around the Middle East, and Russian arms [5] and resumed nuclear cooperation [6].

The US Obama Administration explicitly moved to strengthen Tehran in the region apparently without any remorse for the consequences, reversing decades-old policy to confront the expansionist, revanchist Iranian regime, especially since the November 1979 sacking of the US Embassy.

Global security was not enhanced and the disastrous international policy of the US Obama Administration will not be redeemed by the “Iran Deal.”

No, the post-Obama world will have to live with the number one sponsor of terrorism on a clear path to achieve nuclear weapons and the cash to accelerate the advancement of its ballistic missile program to deliver them.

The US Obama Administration is content. Others know better.

ALBA’s Latin America

The Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América (ALBA) is a project initiated by the late Hugo Chavez, former strongman of Venezuela.

ALBA was supposed to be an alternative to capitalism economically and pluralism politically in Latin America.

Venezuela is the flagship of the ALBA project to demonstrate that socialism for the 21st century is somehow different from its 19th and 20th century versions.

ALBA at its high point united the Latin America Left – Argentina, Bolivia, Cuba, Ecuador, and assorted Caribbean islands.

In Argentina, long-time ALBA princess Christine Kirchner saw her chosen successor defeated in the November 2015 presidential election.

Now, Mrs. Kirchner has been indicted on corruption charges [7] and the investigation was reopened into the mysterious death of the prosecutor who accused her of covering up the Iranian bombing of a Jewish center in 1994.

In Bolivia, Evo Morales also practiced well-worn ALBA practices to dominate politics as president since 2006 for three terms and shows no compunction to extending his term in power indefinitely.

Tight controls on the military, judiciary, and the press certainly helped.

However, in February 2016, just like Kirchner in Argentina, Bolivians rejected his bid to run for a fourth term as president in 2019 [8].

Dictators do not like to have their power curtailed so whether Mr. Morales respects the people’s wishes is to be determined.

The “entrenched president” is already plotting to defy the people.

In Ecuador, Rafael Correa, president since 2007, has chosen his successor and decided to retire from politics, for now.

Perhaps the defeat in the US courts in September 2016 over the fight with Chevron over alleged environmental destruction contributed to Mr. Correa’s decision to step aside.

The ruling judge found had the case “had been tainted by layer after sordid layer of fraud, bribery, evidence tampering, and other shenanigans [9].”

The ALBA practices in Nicaragua – elimination of the opposition, tight reins on the press, consolidation of power, etc. – helped veteran revolutionary Daniel Ortega to continue as president with his wife as vice-president in November 2016.

The #LatinAmerica Left has seen its tide go out as a breeze of freedom blows across the region. Click To Tweet

In early December, the opposition protested through the streets of Managua yelling “Democracy yes, dictatorship no! [10]”

In Cuba, inveterate revolutionary Fidel Castro died in late November leaving doubt about the continuation of Castro, Inc. in La Habana.

The Latin America Left has seen its tide go out as a breeze of freedom blows across the region.

Battles for Mosul, Raqqa

The battles for Mosul and Raqqa are not going as planned.

Mosul is the Islamic State’s (IS) last major redoubt in Iraq and Raqqa in Syria is the capital of their self-declared Caliphate.

The offensive to retake Mosul, Iraq’s second largest city, was launched on 17 October, 2016, more than two years after jihadists overran the city.

Some 30,000 troops from the Iraqi army, Kurdish Peshmerga and a Shia paramilitary force backed by U.S. air, artillery and forward air controller support face off against 8,000 jihadists believed to be in Mosul.

Much more, Raqqa is the hornet’s nest of IS operations around the world.

In December, the battle for Mosul ground to a halt as the elite Golden Division, the U.S.-trained and equipped Iraqi force leading the assault on Mosul, had a casualty rate of 50 percent, which would render it combat-ineffective within a month [11].

A Peshmerga Kurd general boasted of a two-month campaign in late October when the offensive began, but that is nowhere near the case [12].

In Raqqa, the battle to knock out the IS’s capital in Syria has also experienced delays since operations began on November 7, 2016.

Much more, the city is the hornet’s nest of IS operations around the world.

As a symbol of the Islamic State’s claim to a Caliphate, the capture of Raqqa perhaps would mark a turning point in the battle against IS’s militancy around the world.

A hodgepodge of forces under a loose umbrella of Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) is aligned against the IS.

A central thread in both the Mosul and Raqqa operations is the position of Turkey – adamantly against what the US considers the best fighters in both theaters – the Kurds (YPG in Syria and Peshmerga in Iraq).

Turkey is vehemently opposed to the Kurdish move to create a state in northern Syria and Iraq. Ankara has fought decades against the PKK faction of the Kurds which Turkey, the European Union and US consider as terrorists.

This political undercurrent reduces the efficacy of ground operations against IS, which has claimed responsibility for bombing Turkey’s international airport in Ankara in June 2016 and assassinating the Russian ambassador to Turkey in December 2016.

Thus, the battles for Mosul and Raqqa seem destined to creep along, but without any major advances.

The commander US forces in Iraq, Lt. Gen. Stephen Townsend, has stated that it could take two years to eliminate the Islamic State from the region [13].

GC010: BRICS, Germany, Colombia, Bab al-Mandeb

Summary: Strategic Question of the Week: Where are the BRICS?, Tweet 1: Merkel’s Clouded Path to Chancellorship Tweet 2: Colombia Peace in 2017?, and Special Report: Geopolitics of the Bab al-Mandeb Strait. Avoid unnecessary geopolitical risk – get your security brief today!

 

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Strategic Question of the Week: Where are the BRICS?

Ever since that Goldman Sachs research report by Jim O’Neil in 2001 the BRICS grouping has been a media darlings.

Listen for a reality check on (B)razil, (R)ussia, (I)ndia, (C)hina, and (S)outh Africa today.

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Tweet One:  Angela Merkel, solitaria y nunca sola (El País)

Tweet Two: In Colombia, hundreds of jailed rebels await amnesty law (Fox News)
Ley de amnistía estrenó el “fast track (El Espectador)

Special Review: The #4 Maritime Chokepoint – Bab al-Mandeb Strait (Global Security Monitor Blog)

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How does the  Yemeni Civil War impact the Strait?

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